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InícioDatabaseAggregation Framework: Aggregate $group

Aggregation Framework: Aggregate $group

Introduction to Aggregation Framework

The Aggregation Framework is a powerful feature in MongoDB that allows you to perform advanced data analysis and manipulation operations on your collections. It provides a flexible way to process and transform data, making it an essential tool for data analysts and developers.

Understanding $group

One of the key operators in the Aggregation Framework is $group. The $group operator allows you to group documents together based on a specific field or set of fields. It then applies an accumulator expression to each group, which can perform various calculations and transformations.

Usage Examples

Let’s take a look at some examples to understand how $group can be used:

Example 1: Grouping by a Single Field

Suppose you have a collection of sales data with documents like this:

{
"_id": 1,
"product": "A",
"category": "Electronics",
"quantity": 5,
"price": 10
}

To find the total quantity sold for each product, you can use the following aggregation pipeline:

{
$group: {
_id: "$product",
totalQuantity: { $sum: "$quantity" }
}
}

This will group the documents by the “product” field and calculate the total quantity sold using the $sum accumulator.

Example 2: Grouping by Multiple Fields

You can also group documents by multiple fields. For example, to find the total quantity sold for each product in each category, you can use the following pipeline:

{
$group: {
_id: { product: "$product", category: "$category" },
totalQuantity: { $sum: "$quantity" }
}
}

This will group the documents by both the “product” and “category” fields and calculate the total quantity sold for each group.

Example 3: Using Multiple Accumulators

You can also use multiple accumulators within the $group operator. For example, to find the total quantity sold and the average price for each product, you can use the following pipeline:

{
$group: {
_id: "$product",
totalQuantity: { $sum: "$quantity" },
averagePrice: { $avg: "$price" }
}
}

This will calculate both the total quantity sold and the average price for each product.

Conclusion

The $group operator in the Aggregation Framework provides a powerful way to group and aggregate data in MongoDB. Whether you need to find the total quantity sold, calculate averages, or perform complex data analysis, the $group operator can help you achieve your goals.

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